The small African-American community of Fazendeville thrived in St. Bernard Parish from 1867 until 1964. Formed just after the Civil War by recently freed blacks, Fazendeville occupied the site of the Battle of New Orleans, the final conflict in the War of 1812. Its residents were extremely tight-knit, and took great pride in their community.

Explore the Fazendeville community

Like many Southern African-American communities, Fazendeville centered around its church. The Battle Ground Baptist Church served many functions in the village, including performance space and community hall.

In 1964, the National Park Service seized the 7.02-acre site of the Battle of New Orleans through eminent domain, incorporating it into the Jean Lafitte National Park and Preserve. The buildings and trees were all torn down and the community of Fazendeville was displaced.

After the community was razed, the Battle Ground Baptist Church relocated to Flood Street in the Lower Ninth Ward, just across the Orleans Parish border from St. Bernard. Much of the community followed, making the Lower Ninth Ward the new center of the Fazendeville community.

In September 2005, the storm surge that accompanied Hurricane Katrina flooded and decimated the Lower Ninth Ward, causing a second diaspora for the Fazendeville community.

Bibliography:
Jackson, Dr. Joyce Marie. Life in the Village: A Cultural Memory of the Fazendeville Community. Washington, D.C./New Oreleans, Louisiana. U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service/Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve. 2003